The Influence of Muhyî al-Dîn Ibn ‘Arabî On the Development of Sufism

malatyaulucamii61.jpgIntroduction

MYSTIC, philosopher, poet, sage, Muhammad ibn ‘Alî ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Arabî al-Thâ’î al-Hâtimî is one of the world’ great spiritual teachers. Known as Muhyi al-Dîn (the Revivifier of Religion) and the Shaykh al-Akbar (the Greatest Master), he was born in 560/1165 into the Moorish culture of Andalusian Spain, the center of an extraordinary flourishing and cross-fertilization of Jewish, Christian, and Islamic thought through which the major scientific and philosophical works of antiquity were transmitted to Northern Europe. Ibn ‘Arabî’s spiritual attainment were evident from an early age, and he was renowned for his great visionary capacity as well as being a superlative teacher. He traveled extensively in the Islamic World and died in Damascus in 1165/1240. Baca lebih lanjut

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Delapan Hari Di Negeri Mullah (I)

Awal Cerita

Hidup memang terlalu sukar untuk ditebak. Banyak teka-teki di sekitar manusia yang pada waktunya juga akan terbuka. Kepergianku ke negeri mullah, Iran, misalnya, tak jauh dari itu. Yakni, aku tak menyangka bahwa pada akhirnya aku bisa mendarat dan berkeliling ke negeri yang banyak melahirkan pemikir, agamawan, sufi, dan yang lainnya.

Sebetulnya, kepergianku ke negerinya Imam Khomeini berawal dari undangan The Bright Future Institut (BFI) yang mengundang orang-orang untuk menuliskan makalah tentang Imam Mahdi as. Informasi tentang adanya acara itu sendiri dari Direkturku, Syekh Mohsen Hakimollahi. Sekitar bulan Juni silam, aku dikasih sebuah alamat situs, yakni http://www.intizar.org. Di situs ini, mereka mengundang para peselancar internet untuk menulis makalah tentang Imam Mahdi sebagai persiapan Konferensi International Ke-2 tentang Mahdisme. Baca lebih lanjut

THE CHISHTI ORDER

Arif Mulyadi Sutresna

chishti.jpgTHE ORIGIN OF THE CHISHTI ORDER

The Chishti order of the Sufis derived its name from Chisht (pronounce: Chesht, hence Cheshti). Chisht was a small town near Herat in Afghanistan. The first one to call himself Chishti was Khwaja Abu Ishaq (d. 966 or 940, according to the others).1 As the name Shami implied he came from Syria or even from Damascus (ash-Sham). He met a Sufi who directed him to settle in Chisht and from that day on he is known as Abu Ishaq Shami Chishti. He died in Damascus and lies buried on mount Qasiyun, where later on also Ibn al-‘Arabi was buried. Looking at the date of his death we can say that the Chishtiyya order is one of the oldest, if not the oldest now still existing Sufi order. Baca lebih lanjut

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